Definition of Consciousness

The definition of consciousness has been a matter of debate among scholars in the fields of philosophy, psychology, and cognitive science. Some believe that it is simply awareness while others contend that it is something more complex. In order to further understand consciousness, it is important to consider its various definitions.

One definition of consciousness is self-awareness.

This refers to the ability to be aware of one’s own thoughts, feelings, and sensations. This type of consciousness is often considered to be the most basic form. It allows individuals to know that they exist and to be aware of their surroundings.

Another definition of consciousness is awareness of the external world.

This refers to the ability to be aware of the thoughts, feelings, and sensations of others. This type of consciousness allows individuals to interact with the world around them.

A third definition of consciousness is higher-order thought.

This refers to the ability to think about one’s own thoughts, feelings, and sensations. This type of consciousness allows individuals to reflect on their own mental states and to make decisions about their behavior.

All three of these definitions of consciousness are important, but they are not mutually exclusive. It is possible to be aware of the thoughts, feelings, and sensations of others without being aware of one’s own thoughts, feelings, and sensations.

What is Consciousness

Consciousness is the state or quality of awareness, or, of being aware of an external object or something within oneself.

Consciousness has been defined variously in terms of sentience, awareness, qualia, subjectivity, the ability to experience or to feel, wakefulness, having a sense of selfhood or soul, the fact that there is something “that it is like” to “have” or “be” it, and the executive control system of the mind.

Consciousness and Cognition

Consciousness is defined as subjective awareness or sensation of an internal or external stimulus.

Cognition is the mental action or process of acquiring knowledge and understanding through thought, experience, and the senses.

Some views of consciousness hold that self-awareness requires the ability to form a concept of oneself, others have argued that self-awareness needs only the ability to read some internal state indicating one’s current condition (e.g., whether one is hungry or not), without actually conceptualising it.

However, in the absence of any direct evidence for consciousness in nonhuman animals, most animal behaviourists tend to agree with behaviourist B. F. Skinner’s assertion that “the time has come to look more closely at the phenomenon to which we have given the name ”consciousness.”

The study of consciousness and cognition is a very unique but abstract field.

Types of consciousness

There are generally four types of consciousness:

  1. Sentience: the ability to feel pain, pleasure, and other sensations. This is what most people think of when they hear the word “consciousness.” Animals that are widely considered to be sentient include mammals, birds, reptiles, and fish.
  2. Self-consciousness : the ability to be aware of oneself as an individual separate from others. This is a more advanced form of consciousness that is believed to be possessed by only a few higher animals, such as primates and dolphins.
  3. Consciousness: the ability to be aware of one’s surroundings and make decisions. This is the highest level of consciousness and is thought to be possessed by only humans.
  4. Unconsciousness: the inability to be aware of anything. This can be either a natural state, such as when we are asleep, or it can be induced by drugs or injury.

There are four main types of consciousness: sentience, self-consciousness, consciousness, and unconsciousness.

Other types of Consciousness

Knowing the difference between these states can help us better understand how our brain works.

Waking consciousness

Waking consciousness is a natural human phenomenon. It is present throughout all stages of life, but in most people is not adequately distinguished from other processes, such as sleep and dreaming. Waking consciousness is an experience that brings one’s awareness together with the world he or she lives in.

Hypnagogic state

Hypnagogic state is a transitional sleep stage from wakefulness to sleep. There are many reasons why you might be having trouble falling asleep. Hypnagogic state is one of the stages that is seen during this transition from wakefulness to sleep and can be accessed through certain types of hypnosis.

Sleep Autotopagnosia

Sleep autotopagnosia is a disorder in which patients cannot recall their dreams upon waking and can’t remember what they were doing in the last few minutes before falling asleep.

Depersonalization disorder

Depersonalization disorder is a psychiatric disorder characterised by the experience of detachment from, and lack of emotions for, one’s self and surroundings. The hallmark symptom is that one feels “detached,” “anaesthetised,” or “frozen” from oneself, one’s environment and one’s thoughts.

Dreaming consciousness

Dreaming consciousness is the state of consciousness in which a subject dreams. This level is characterised by the existence of non-ordinary states and phenomena, although the passage from ordinary consciousness to dreaming consciousness is generally easier than from waking consciousness to dreaming consciousness.

Dreamless sleep consciousness

Dreamless sleep consciousness is the state of being either asleep or unconscious, but nevertheless aware. This consciousness can be experienced within the dream state and during periods of lucid dreaming. Sometimes this state of mind is also called wakeful dreaming, or perhaps in some cases nocturnal dreaming.

Cosmic consciousness

Cosmic consciousness can be defined as a kind of generalized awareness, which reaches beyond the limits of materialism and relates to the greater universal life energy. It also refers to a state of being whereby one’s most fundamental identity is not limited by time and space, but extends into infinity. It is a state where we come face-to-face with the divine, our collective consciousness manifesting as one unified field of infinite cosmic intelligence.

5 ways to stay conscious

  1. Be aware of your surroundings and the situation you are in.
  2. Be aware of what’s going on around you and in your mind.
  3. Decide to be mindful.
  4. Focus on what is happening and what you are doing NOW.
  5. Embrace the power of breathing.

There are lots of ways that a person can bring about mindfulness.

How to use your consciousness to live a better life

Consciousness can empower you and also be used to make every moment of your life better. Here are some ways on how to use your consciousness to live a better life.

Use your consciousness to notice what you’re feeling.

Accept it, then let it go.

Focus on what it is you do want, instead of what you don’t want.

Don’t hesitate to reach out for help when you feel overwhelmed by your feelings.

Don’t judge or try to fix or correct yourself.

You don’t need to intellectualise everything.

Consider why you’re doing what you’re doing.

Note: Consciousness can empower you, not just confine you.


The question of consciousness has fascinated us since the dawn of civilization. Across many cultures and traditions, great thinkers have long pondered the nature of consciousness. Today, consciousness remains one of the most mysterious features of our universe. How can complex processes like self-awareness arise from mere matter? These questions are now at the forefront of scientific inquiry, probing fundamental theories about how living systems work.

Other definitions

The definition of grateful is feeling or showing appreciation for

Thankfulness is defined as the feeling of being happy about

Thanksgiving is a time to give thanks for the blessings of the past